Mathematical Symbols [Math Symbols & Math Symbols Meaning]

Mathematical symbols: Different types of math symbols are Basic Symbols, Numeral Symbols, Greek Alphabets, Geometry Symbols, Algebra Symbols, Logic Symbols, Probability and Statistics Symbols, Calculus & Analysis Symbols, Set Theory Symbols.

Mathematics is a universal language and Mathematical symbols play a major role in this. Meaning and value Mathematical symbols are constant.

The symbols of mathematics not only refer to different quantities but also represent the relationship between two quantities. Mathematical symbols are mainly used to conduct mathematical operations under various concepts.

We know that the concept of mathematics is purely dependent on numbers and symbols. The relationship between symbol and value reflects the basic fundamental of mathematics.

Different Types Of Mathematical Symbols

  • Basic math Symbols
  • Numeral Symbols
  • Greek Alphabets Symbols
  • Geometry Symbols
  • Algebra Symbols
  • Probability and Statistics Symbols
  • Logic Symbols
  • Calculus & Analysis Symbols
  • Set Theory Symbols

List of all mathematical symbols with Meaning.

Basic Math Symbols

Basic mathematical symbols are used to express mathematical ideas. With the help of basic symbols, some concepts and ideas of mathematics are clearly explained.

SymbolSymbol NameMeaning of Symbol
Not Equal SignInequality
=Equals SignEquality
Approximately EqualApproximation
<Strict InequalityLess Than
>Strict InequalityGreater Than
InequalityLess Than or Equal To
InequalityGreater Than or Equal To
[ ]BracketsCalculate Expression Inside First
( )ParenthesesCalculate Expression Inside First
Minus SignSubtraction
+Plus SignAddition
Minus – PlusBoth Minus and Plus Operations
±Plus – MinusBoth Plus and Minus Operations
×Times SignMultiplication
*AsteriskMultiplication
÷Division Sign / ObelusDivision
Multiplication DotMultiplication
Horizontal LineDivision or Fraction
/Division SlashDivision
%Percent1% = 1/100 (The amount in every hundred.)
.PeriodDecimal Point, Decimal Separator
modModuloRemainder Calculation
abPowerExponent
a^bCaretExponent
√aSquare Roota ⋅ a = a
3√aCube Root3√a •3√a • 3√a = a
4√aFourth Root4√a •4√a • 4√a • 4√a = a
n√aN-Th Root (Radical)n√a • n√a • • • n times = a
ppmPer-Million1 ppm = 1/1000000
Per-Mille1‰ = 1/1000 = 0.1%
pptPer-Trillion1ppt = 10-12
ppbPer-Billion1 ppb = 1/1000000000

Numeral Symbols

Symbols and collections of mathematical symbols used to represent numbers based on different types of the ancient system.

NameWestern ArabicRomanEastern ArabicHebrew
zero0٠
one1I١א
two2II٢ב
three3III٣ג
four4IV٤ד
five5V٥ה
six6VI٦ו
seven7VII٧ז
eight8VIII٨ח
nine9IX٩ט
ten10X١٠י
eleven11XI١١יא
twelve12XII١٢יב
thirteen13XIII١٣יג
fourteen14XIV١٤יד
fifteen15XV١٥טו
sixteen16XVI١٦טז
seventeen17XVII١٧יז
eighteen18XVIII١٨יח
nineteen19XIX١٩יט
twenty20XX٢٠כ
thirty30XXX٣٠ל
forty40XL٤٠מ
fifty50L٥٠נ
sixty60LX٦٠ס
seventy70LXX٧٠ע
eighty80LXXX٨٠פ
ninety90XC٩٠צ
one hundred100C١٠٠ק

Greek Alphabets Symbols

Greek alphabets are generally used to represent the variables, constants, functions and other mathematical objects. Some Greek Alphabets mathematical symbols are mentioned below:

Upper Case LetterLower Case LetterGreek Letter NameEnglish EquivalentLetter Name Pronounce
ΑαAlphaaal-fa
ΒβBetabbe-ta
ΓγGammagga-ma
ΔδDeltaddel-ta
ΕεEpsiloneep-si-lon
ΖζZetazze-ta
ΗηEtaheh-ta
ΘθThetathte-ta
ΙιIotaiio-ta
ΚκKappakka-pa
ΛλLambdallam-da
ΜμMumm-yoo
ΝνNunnoo
ΞξXixx-ee
ΟοOmicronoo-mee-c-ron
ΠπPippa-yee
ΡρRhorrow
ΣσSigmassig-ma
ΤτTautta-oo
ΥυUpsilonuoo-psi-lon
ΦφPhiphf-ee
ΧχChichkh-ee
ΨψPsipsp-see
ΩωOmegaoo-me-ga

Geometry Symbols

In mathematics, geometric symbols are used to configure geometric objects – the most basic straight lines, circles, and end points.

spherical angle

Algebra Symbols

Algebra mathematical symbols are the major component of math that is used to unify mathematics concepts.

Algebra symbols are used to represent variables to find the distance, the perimeter of an area, volume, determining the cost of something, renting something, time relationships, pricing options for something you want to buy, and more.

SymbolSymbol NameMeaning of Symbol
xx variableto find the unknown value
equivalenceidentical to
equal by definitionequal by definition
:=equal by definitionequal by definition
~approximately equalweak approximation
approximately equalapproximation
proportional toproportional to
lemniscatefigure-eight or ∞-shaped curves
much less thanmuch less than
much greater thanmuch greater than
( )parenthesescalculate expression inside first
[ ]bracketscalculate expression inside first
{ }bracesset
xfloor bracketsrounds number to lower integer
xceiling bracketsrounds number to upper integer
x!exclamation markfactorial
| x |vertical barsabsolute value
f (x)function of xmaps values of x to f(x)
(fg)function composition(fg) (x) = f (g(x))
(a,b)open interval(a,b) = {x | a < x < b}
[a,b]closed interval[a,b] = {x | axb}
deltachange / difference
discriminantΔ = b2 – 4ac
sigmasummation – sum of all values in range of series
∑∑sigmadouble summation
capital piproduct – product of all values in range of series
ee constant / Euler’s numbere = 2.718281828…
or
e = lim (1+1/x)x , x→∞
γEuler-Mascheroni constantγ = 0.5772156649…
φgolden ratiogolden ratio constant
πpi constantπ = 3.141592654…is the ratio between the circumference and diameter of a circle

Probability And Statistics Symbols

Probability and statistics correspond to the mathematical study of chance and data, respectively.

Statistics and Probability theory have some commonly used rules, in addition to standard mathematical notation and mathematical symbols.

median

Logic Symbols

Logic symbols is commonly used to express logical representation. Some Logic mathematical symbols are mentioned below:

SymbolSymbol NameMeaning of Symbol
andand
^caret / circumflexand
&ampersandand
+plusor
reversed caretor
|vertical lineor
xsingle quotenot – negation
xbarnot – negation
¬notnot – negation
!exclamation marknot – negation
circled plus / oplusexclusive or – xor
~tildenegation (equivalent to)
impliesif is true, then is also true
equivalentif and only if (iff)
equivalentif and only if (iff)
for all
there exists
there does not exists
therefore
because / since

Calculus & Analysis Symbols

In mathematics, calculus represents courses of elementary and analysis which are mainly dedicated to the study of function limits.

\lim_{x\to x0}f(x)

Set Theory Symbols

Set theory mathematical symbols are used to define the properties of well-defined collections such as objects or numbers or functions.

SymbolSymbol NameMeaning of Symbol
{ }seta collection of elements
A ∪ BunionElements that belong to set A or set B
A ∩ BintersectionElements that belong to both the sets, A and B
A ⊆ Bsubsetsubset has few or all elements equal to the set
A ⊄ Bnot subsetleft set is not a subset of right set
A ⊂ Bproper subset / strict subsetsubset has fewer elements than the set
A ⊃ Bproper superset / strict supersetset A has more elements than set B
A ⊇ Bsupersetset A has more elements or equal to the set B
Øempty setØ = { }
P (C)power setall subsets of C
A ⊅ Bnot supersetset X is not a superset of set Y
A = Bequalityboth sets have the same members
A \ B or A-Brelative complementobjects that belong to A and not to B
Accomplementall the objects that do not belong to set A
A ∆ Bsymmetric differenceobjects that belong to A or B but not to their intersection
a∈Belement ofset membership
(a,b)ordered paircollection of 2 elements
x∉Anot element ofno set membership
|B|, #Bcardinalitythe number of elements of set B
A×Bcartesian productset of all ordered pairs from A and B
N1natural numbers / whole numbers set (without zero)N1 = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5,…}
N0natural numbers / whole numbers set (with zero)N0 = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4,…}
Qrational numbers setQ= {x | x=a/b, a, b∈Z}
Zinteger numbers setZ= {…-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3,…}
Ccomplex numbers setC= {z | z=a+bi, -∞<a<∞, -∞<b<∞}
Rreal numbers setR= {x | -∞ < x <∞}

Also Check,

Leave a Comment

English to Odia Translator Join Photo and Signature Scientific Calculator Age Calculator Age Relaxation Syllabus Career As A Learn Mathematics Odia Grammar Basic Computer Knowledge General Knowledge Free Mock Test Scheme Departments of Odisha Govt Articles Post A Free Job