Chandrayaan-3: GK & Current Affairs for Competitive Exams

Chandrayaan-3 was launched on July 14, 2023, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. It took approximately 41 days (40 days, 3 hours, 28 minutes) to reach the Moon.

Q1. What is Chandrayaan-3?

Ans: Chandrayaan-3 signifies the third lunar exploration mission orchestrated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The mission is designed to accomplish the following objectives:

  • Demonstrate the capability to safely land and navigate on the lunar surface.
  • Achieve a soft landing on the moon.
  • Conduct a comprehensive exploration of the lunar terrain.
  • Collect valuable scientific data.

Q2. When did Chandrayaan-3 launch?

Ans: Chandrayaan-3 lifted off on July 14, 2023, at 2:35 PM.

Q3. Where was the Chandrayaan-3 launched?

Ans: The launch took place at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in the Sriharikota Range (SDSC SHAR).

Q4. When did the ISRO lunar lander Chandrayaan-3 successfully land on the Moon?

Ans: Chandrayaan-3 successfully landed on the Moon on August 23, 2023, at 6:04 PM.

Q5. What will August 23 be celebrated as?

Ans: August 23 will be celebrated as National Space Day.

Q6. How long is Chandrayaan-3’s estimated journey?

Ans: Approximately 41 days.

Q7. Who is the director of the Chandrayaan-3 mission?

Ans: The director of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is Ritu Karidhal.

Q8. How much did the Chandrayaan-3 mission cost?

Ans: The cost of the Chandrayaan-3 mission was 600 Crores ($74 Million).

Q9. What are Chandrayaan-3’s components?

Ans: a Lander module, a Propulsion module, and a Rover.

Q10. What is the total weight of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans: 3,900 kilograms.

Q11. What is the mass of the propulsion module in Chandrayaan-3?

Ans: 2148 kg.

Q12. Which launcher was used for Chandrayaan-3?

Ans: Chandrayaan-3 was launched using the LVM3 M4 launcher

The Launch Vehicle Mark-3 (LVM3) also Called as Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk III (GSLV Mk III).

Q13. Mission objectives of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans: The mission objectives include a safe landing, rover exploration, and scientific experiments.

Q14. What is the Lander’s name in Chandrayaan-3?

Ans: Vikram.

Q15. Name of Chandrayaan-3’s rover?

Ans: Pragyan.

Q16. What are rovers?

Ans: Rovers are specialized payloads designed to move independently on the lunar surface.

Q17. What are the payloads on Vikram lander?

Ans: The payloads on Vikram Lander include:

  • Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) for measuring thermal conductivity and temperature.
  • Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) to measure seismicity.
  • Langmuir Probe (LP) to estimate plasma density and variations.

Q18. Which place did Chandrayaan-3 land?

Ans: Chandrayaan-3 landed near the lunar south pole, specifically about 600 kilometers from the South Pole of the Moon.

Q19. What name is given to the Chandrayaan-3 landing spot?

Ans: The landing spot is named Shiv Shakti Point.

Q20. Why did Chandrayaan-3 land in the South Pole?

Ans: Chandrayaan-3 aimed to investigate “permanently shadowed regions” near the South Pole for potential water-ice and resources.

Q21. How long is the mission life of the Lander and Rover?

Ans: One lunar day (about 14 Earth days).


On August 23, 2023, India marked a historic milestone with its third lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3, accomplishing a successful soft landing on the moon’s south pole. This achievement not only solidified India’s position as the fourth nation, following Russia, the US, and China, to achieve a successful lunar landing but also made it the first country to land on the moon’s elusive south pole.

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