Most Important Articles of Constitution of India to remember for Competitive Exams

The Indian Constitution consists of a total of 470 articles as of 2022. The Constitution of India is the second-largest operational Constitution in the world. These articles are divided into 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 5 appendices. Originally, it comprised 395 articles divided into 22 divisions and 8 schedules, which cover a wide range of topics such as fundamental rights, directive principles of state policy, the structure and functioning of the government, elections, judiciary, and many others. The Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950.

Important Articles of Constitution of India

Important Articles of Constitution of India

Here is the list of various important Articles of the Indian Constitution.

Article NumberTitle/Description
1Name and territory of the Union
3New States Formation, Alteration of Boundaries, etc.
13Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights
14Equality before law
19Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
19(a) – Freedom of Speech & Expression
19(b) – Right to Peaceful Assembly
19(c) – Freedom of Association
19(d) – Right to Move Freely through India
19(e) – Freedom of Settlement & Residence
19(f) – (Omitted as a fundamental right – governed by article 300A.) Right to Own Personal Property.
19(g) – Freedom to Practise any Profession, Occupation, Trade or Business
2121 – Protection of life and personal liberty
21(a) – Right to Education
23Prohibition of Human Trafficking and Forced Labour
24Prohibition of Child Labour
25Freedom to Practise & Propagate Religion Freely
32Right to Constitutional Remedies
40Organisation of Village Panchayats
44Uniform civil code for the citizens
48Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry
5151 – Promotion of international peace and security
51(a) – Fundamental Duties
72Powers of President to Grant Pardons etc.
74Council of Ministers to aid and advise President
76Attorney-General of India
78Duties of Prime Minister
86Right of President to address and send messages to Houses
93The Speaker & Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
100Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum
112Annual financial statement, Budget
139Supreme Court’s Powers to Issue Certain Writs
141Supreme Court’s Law Binding on All Courts
155Appointment of Governor
161Power of Governors to Grant Pardon etc.
165Advocate-General for the State
167Duties of Chief Minister
226Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
246Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States
280Finance Commission
300(a)Right to Property (abolished)
312All India Services
324Election Commission
335SCs and STs claim to Services and Posts
343Official Language
352National Emergency
356President’s Rule in case of Failure of Constitutional Machinery in States
360Financial Emergency
368Power of Parliament to Amend the Constitution
370Temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir


  1. How many articles are there in the Indian Constitution as of 2022?

    There are 470 articles in the Indian Constitution as of 2022.

  2. What is the significance of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution?

    It granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir. It was abrogated in 2019 leading to the full integration of Jammu and Kashmir into the Indian Union.

  3. What are the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution?

    Six fundamental rights – right to equality, freedom, against exploitation, freedom of religion, cultural & educational rights, and right to constitutional remedies.

  4. What is the significance of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution?

    Article 21 guarantees the right to life and personal liberty to every citizen of India. This fundamental right has been interpreted by the courts to include a wide range of rights such as the right to privacy, right to clean environment, right to legal aid, and more.

  5. What is the significance of Article 15 of the Indian Constitution?

    Article 15 prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth. It provides for the promotion of equality and social justice, and the prevention of social discrimination.

  6. What is the role of the Election Commission of India mentioned in the Constitution?

    The Election Commission of India is a constitutional body that is responsible for conducting free and fair elections in the country. It is responsible for preparing and updating electoral rolls, supervising elections, and enforcing the Model Code of Conduct for political parties and candidates.

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