Lunar Week (ପକ୍ଷ) and Lunar Day (ତିଥି) in Odia calendar

In the Odia calendar, which is a traditional lunisolar calendar used in the Indian state of Odisha, the concept of a “lunar week” is not explicitly defined in the same way it might be in other calendars or cultures. However, the Odia calendar is based on lunar months, with each month beginning with the new moon and consisting of either 29 or 30 days.

The days of the week in the Odia calendar are named after celestial bodies and are as follows:

Day (Odia)Celestial objectEquivalentDay (Gregorian)
ସୋମବାର
Somabara
ChandraMoonMonday
ମଙ୍ଗଳବାର
Mangalbara
MangalaMarsTuesday
ବୁଧବାର
Budhabara
BudhaMercuryWednesday
ଗୁରୁବାର
Gurubara
BrihaspatiJupiterThursday
ଶୁକ୍ରବାର
Sukrabara
ShukraVenusFriday
ଶନିବାର
Sanibara
ShaniSaturnSaturday
ରବିବାର
Rabibara
SuryaSunSunday

While these days are not directly tied to lunar phases, the lunar cycle does play a significant role in determining the timing of festivals and auspicious occasions in the Odia calendar. Therefore, the lunar phases are still observed and influential in the scheduling of events within the calendar system.

Lunar Phases

Each month begins with the Shukla Paksha (waxing moon) and ends with either Purnima (full moon) or Amavasya (new moon). However, these phases are not used to define weeks.

Paksha ପକ୍ଷ (pakhya)PeriodLunar phaseDays
ଶୁକ୍ଳପକ୍ଷ
suklapaksa
From ଅମାବାସ୍ୟା (Amabasya) to ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣିମା (Purnnima)
New moon to Full moon
Waxing moon15 days
କୃଷ୍ଣପକ୍ଷ
krushnapaksa
From ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣିମା (Purnnima) to ଅମାବାସ୍ୟା (Amabasya)
Full moon to New moon
Waning moon15 days
Lunar Day
ତିଥି (tithi)
Bright fortnight
ଶୁକ୍ଳପକ୍ଷ (suklapaksa)
Lunar phaseDark fortnight
କୃଷ୍ଣପକ୍ଷ (krushnapaksa)
Lunar phase
1ପ୍ରତିପଦ
pratipada
Waxing Crescentପ୍ରତିପଦ
pratipada
Waning Gibbous
2ଦ୍ୱିତୀୟା
dwitiya
ଦ୍ୱିତୀୟା
dwitiya
3ତୃତୀୟା
trutiya
ତୃତୀୟା
trutiya
4ଚତୁର୍ଥୀ
caturthi
ଚତୁର୍ଥୀ
caturthi
5ପଞ୍ଚମୀ
pancami
ପଞ୍ଚମୀ
pancami
6ଷଷ୍ଠୀ
sasthi
ଷଷ୍ଠୀ
sasthi
7ସପ୍ତମୀ
saptami
First Quarterସପ୍ତମୀ
saptami
Last Quarter
8ଅଷ୍ଟମୀ
astami
ଅଷ୍ଟମୀ
astami
9ନବମୀ
nabami
Waning Crescentନବମୀ
nabami
Waxing Gibbous
10ଦଶମୀ
dasami
ଦଶମୀ
dasami
11ଏକାଦଶୀ
ekadasi
ଏକାଦଶୀ
ekadasi
12ଦ୍ୱାଦଶୀ
dwadasi
ଦ୍ୱାଦଶୀ
dwadasi
13ତ୍ରୟୋଦଶୀ
trayodasi
ତ୍ରୟୋଦଶୀ
trayodasi
14ଚତୁର୍ଦ୍ଦଶୀ
caturddasi
ଚତୁର୍ଦ୍ଦଶୀ
caturddasi
15ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣିମା
purnnima
Full Moonଅମାବାସ୍ୟା
amabasya
New Moon

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