Important Rivers of Odisha | River System of Odisha – Odisha GK

There are twelve major rivers flowing in the State, of which the Mahanadi is the longest and the Bahuda is the shortest. The rivers of Odisha are mainly rainfed.

Mahanadi River

Mahanadi River in Odisha
Mahanadi River in Odisha
AspectInformation
LocationEastern India
Length851 KM (494 KM in Odisha)
OriginNagri-Sihawa, Dhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh, India
Major TributariesSeonath, Mand, Ib, Hasdeo, Kelo, Ong, Parry, Jonk, Telen
States Flowed ThroughChhattisgarh, Odisha
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaSambalpur, Bargarh, Subarnapur, Boudh, Anugul, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, Nayagarh, Jharsuguda
Cities on the Bank of MahanadiSambalpur, Cuttack, Sonepur, Kantilo, Boudh, Banki, Paradeep
Water UtilizationIrrigation, industrial use, domestic water supply
Hirakud DamLocated at Sambalpur; forms a 35-mile (55 km) long man-made lake; has several hydroelectric generators
OutfallInto the Bay of Bengal
RankingThird largest river system in peninsular India after Godavari and Krishna.
Largest river in Odisha state.
IssuesControversies over water sharing between Chhattisgarh and Odisha

Brahmani River

AttributeDescription
OriginConfluence of the Sankh and the Koel rivers at Vedavyasa near Rourkela in Sundargarh district of Odisha
Total Length799 KM (336 KM in Odisha)
OutfallBay of Bengal at Dhamra
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaSundargarh, Deogarh, Angul, Dhenkanal, Cuttack, Jajapur, Kendrapara
Important TributariesSankha, Chandrinalla, Katangamunda nalla, Rukura, Badjore, Kaunish nalla, Kalanalla, Usthalinalla, Chudakhainallah, Gohira, Chilanti river, Tikira, Singadajore, Bangaru river, Nandiranalla, Nigra river, Bangusingha nalla, Barha, Daunri, Kumaria, Kelua river, Birupa, Hansua, Kharsuan, Patasala, Koel, Suidihi, Champalijore, Kuradihi, Amrudi, Korapani, Mankada, Ambahari, Samakoi, Gambhiria, Raijore, Indrajeet, Ramiala, Pandra, Kharasuan, Daudi

Baitarani River

AttributeDescription
OriginGonasika in the Guptaganga hills of Keonjhar district
Total Length360 Km
OutfallBay of Bengal
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaKeonjhar, Mayurbhanj,  Balasore, Bhadrak, Jajpur, Cuttack
Important TributariesKangira, Ardei, Khairi Bhandan, Deo, Kanjhari, Sita, Musal, Remal, Kusei, Salandi river
  • The beginning portion of Baitarani acts as the boundary between Orissa and Jharkhand.
  • The Salandi River originates from the Meghasani hills of the Similipal in Mayurbhanj district. It flows a distance of 144 Km before it finally empties into the Bay of Bengal.

Subarnarekha River

AttributeDescription
OriginNear Nagri village of the Chhotnagpur plateau of Jharkhand
Total Length446.12 Km (79 Km in Odisha)
OutfallBay of Bengal
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaBalasore
Prominent TributariesRaru river, Kanchi river, Damra river, Karru river, Kharkhai river, Chinguru river, Karakari river, Gurma river, Garra river, Singaduba river, Kodia river, Dulunga river, Khaijori river

Budhabalanga River

AttributeDescription
OriginSimilipal range of hills in Mayurbhanj district
Total Length198.75 Km
OutfallBay of Bengal
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaMayurbhanj
Prominent TributariesPalapala, Sunei, Kalo, Sanjo, Deo, Gangahari, Katra

Jambhira River

AttributeDescription
OriginChandra Reserve forest in Mayurbhanj district
Total Length90 Km
OutfallBay of Bengal
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaMayurbhanj
Prominent TributariesMahanti, Gulfa, Surudi, Murli, Saan, Bans, Hansakara

Rushikulya River

AttributeDescription
OriginRushyamala hills of the Eastern Ghats in Kandhamal district
Total LengthNot specified
OutfallBay of Bengal near Chatrapur
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaKandhamal, Ganjam
Prominent TributariesPadma, Boringanalla, Joro, Badanadi, Baghua, Dhanei, Ghodhado

Bahuda River

AttributeDescription
OriginNear village Luba from the Singharaj hills of the Eastern Ghats in Gajapati district
Total Length96 Km
OutfallBay of Bengal near Sunapurapeta village, Odisha
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaGajapati
Prominent TributariesPoichandia, Bogiriadi, Batrada Nalla, Kantajura Nalla

Vansadhara River

AttributeDescription
OriginFlanks of the Durgakangar hills (Lingaraj hills) of the Eastern Ghats in Kalahandi district
Total Length239 Km
OutfallBay of Bengal in Andhra Pradesh
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaKalahandi
Prominent TributariesBhangi, Pedagoda (right side) and Badanalla, Chauladhua, Pandaka Nalla, Badajhar, Harbhangi, Sananadi, Mahendratanaya (left side)

Nagavali River

AttributeDescription
OriginBijipur hills of the Eastern Ghats near village Lakhabahal in Kalahandi district
Total Length217 Km (125 Km in Odisha)
OutfallAndhra Pradesh
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaKalahandi
Prominent TributariesPitadar Nalla, Datteibannda Nalla, Sana-nadi, Barha-nadi, Baldiya-nadi, Sat Nalla, Sitagura Nalla, Ghora Nalla, Sitaghera Nalla, Srikona-nadi, Bonamarha-nadi, Errigeda Nalla, Jhanjhabati river

Indravati River

AttributeDescription
OriginEastern Ghats of Dandakaranya range in Kalahandi district
Total LengthNot specified
OutfallJoins river Godavari at the border of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaKalahandi
Major TributariesKeshadhara Nalla, Kandabindha Nalla, Chandragiri Nalla, Golagar Nalla, Poragarh Nalla

Kolab River

AttributeDescription
OriginSinkaran hills of the Eastern Ghats in Koraput district
Total LengthNot specified
OutfallMeets the Godavari in Andhra Pradesh
Flowed Through Districts in OdishaKoraput
Prominent TributariesKarandi Nalla, Guradi Nalla, Kangar Nalla, Garia, Dharmageda Nalla, Jam Nadi, Malengar river, Mulervagu Nalla, Potteru Vagu Nalla, Machhakund river, Sileru river

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